FREC 480 Project 1 -- Casey Siwinski

QUESTION 1
What is the area of the five Great Lakes?
How many countires are bordering the Great Lakes?
What was the overall population density in 2000 of these counties?

The five Great Lakes are outlined below in red, and the counties bordering the
Great Lakes are highlighted below in green.

The total area of the five Great Lakes is 95,862.671 square miles.
There are 83 US counties bordering the Great Lakes.
The overall population density of these counties in 2000 was 266 people per square mile.

QUESTION 2
How many counties intersect some major river portion of the Mississippi River System?
What was the total population of these counties in 2000?

The Mississippi River System is outlined below in red, and the counties that intersect
this river system are highlighted below in green.

There are 502 counties that intersect a major river of the Mississippi River System
The total population in 2000 of these counties was 30,480,398 people.

QUESTION 3
How many counties in the US had negative population growth between 1990 and 2000?

The counties that had negative population growth are highlighted below in green.

There are 686 US counties that experienced negative population growth from 1990 to 2000.

QUESTION 4
After creating a 200 mile buffer around New Caslte county, observe,
how many counties are completely within this buffer,
how many counties have their centroids within this buffer, and
how many counties intersect this buffer?

The buffer boundary is represented below by the red ring.
The appropriate counties are highlighted below in green.
 197 counties completely within the buffer 220 counties whose centroid is in the buffer 242 counties that intersect the buffer

QUESTION 5
How many individual US Counties have a larger area than the whole state of Delaware?

The counties that have a larger area than the whole state of Delaware are highlighted below in green.

There are 279 counties in the US that have a larger area then the whole state of Delaware.

QUESTION 6
How many counties are intersected by an interstate or equivalent highway?
What was the overall percent population growth in these counties between 1990 and 2000?
What was the overall percent population growth in the counties not intersected
by an interstate or equivalent highway?

The appropriate counties are highlighted below in green.
 There are 1,368 counties intersected by an interstate or equivalent highway. The population grew between 1990 and 2000 in these counties by 13.4%. There are 1,772 counties not intersected by an interstate or equivalent highway. The population grew between 1990 and 2000 in these counties by 11.9%.

Graduated Colors Thematic maps of White, Black and Hispanic populations normalized by the population in 2000.
The Quantiles method is the truest-looking geographic distributions.
 Equal Interval Natural Breaks Quantiles Whites Blacks Hispanics

Below is a Dot Density Map of the population in 2000.
1 Pixel Dot=10,000 People

Below is a map of the portion of the states that are located within 200 miles of
New Castle County. The proportion of the states is labeled for each state.

Cartographic Map

Thematic map, Elderly normalized by the population in 2000

Map of the true percentage of elderly by state.

Note: The true percentages of elderly by state are inconsistent with the percentages of elderly by county because
within the county layer, two counties with zero elderly population were discluded which caused discrepencies in the data.

By joining the table attributes of the Summarize table and the States layer, and then creating a Percent Black
field in the States layer, after the Summarize table join is removed, the Percent Black field remains in the State's layer.

The Map of Percent Blacks by State can be seen below.

The percent change from 1990 to 2000 of the 12 Northeast States (selected below in pink) can be seen in the bar chart below.

Changes In County Data

FLORIDA
Dade County was changed to Miami-Dade County, and its FIPS number was changed from 12025 to 12086.

VIRGINIA
Clifton Forge was merged into Alleghany County.

South Boston was merged into Halifax County.

MONTANA
Yellowstone National Park was split between Gallatin and Park Counties.